Empirical research includes the study of behavior or phenomena through direct observation or experience. A researcher gathers empirical evidence by entering the field and directly witnessing and recording the actions and/or reactions of a research subject.
Example: An empirical researcher studying a chimpanzee’s use of tools may place a number of different tools on the ground near the ape’s habitat. The researcher then would observe the chimpanzee’s behavior towards the tools over a controlled period of time, taking note of which tools he used, what he used them for, how long he used them, etc. Because the research gained his or her data by personally monitoring and observing the research subject, the resulting data is considered empirical evidence.
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